• Archaeological (6th – 2nd millennia BC) and modern mid-mountain (≤1.000 m.a.s.l.) cave and rock-shelter sites used as shelters for livestock herding are investigated.

  • The geographical focus of the project is the Iberian Peninsula. However, deposits and materials from elsewhere in the SW Mediterranean (e.g. Greece) are also examined.


Iberian Peninsula.jpg




Research focus of GeoFodder in the Iberian Peninsula:

1-El Mirador Cave.

2- San Cristóbal Rock-shelter.

3- Mas del Pepet.

https://visibleearth.nasa.gov/. Modified satellite image.

  • The methodological approach of GeoFodder involves the analysis of sediments, dung and plants using high-resolution geoarchaeology coupled with experimental and ethnographic work.

  • By providing interdisciplinary microscopic evidence for the identification of fodder and the assessment of the preservation degree of different plant resource types, the project aims to improve our understanding of early livestock diets and associated herding practices

Sediment blocks.JPG

Archaeological block sediment samples collected for micromorphological analysis.


Sample of modern fodder.

Dung pellets.JPG

Accumulation of modern dung.